HYPERTENSION – A SILENT KILLER

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Hypertension is a chronic medical condition characterized by a persistently elevated blood pressure of ≥140/90mmhg on two occasions with at least 6 hours apart.

Hypertension is a silent killer. Presently it is estimated to be responsible for 45% of deaths due to heart disease and 51% of deaths due to stroke. It is one of the major non communicable diseases that is ravaging the world today.

RISK FACTORS FOR HYPERTENSION:

  1. Genetic factors
  2. Obesity
  3. Black race
  4. Alcohol
  5. Smoking
  6. Stress
  7. Other medical conditions like kidney problems

CLASSIFICATION OF HYPERTENSION:

 SystolicDiastolic
Normal<120<80
Pre hypertension120−13980−89
Stage 1 hypertension140−15990−99

MANAGEMENT OF HYPERTENSION

  1. Lifestyle modification: Stop alcohol, stop smoking, stop sedentary life style, exercise, drink a lot of water, and avoid too much salt in food.
  2. Drugs: Ensure that your antihypertensive medications are taken regularly every day.
  3. Dash diet: Avoid fried foods, eat a lot of fruits, avoid roasted foods, and avoid fatty foods.
  4. Check your blood pressure every day and record in a hypertension register.

COMPLICATIONS OF HYPERTENSION

  1. Stroke
  2. Kidney failure
  3. Blindness/visual impairment
  4. Heart attack
  5. Heart failure

ADVICE FOR HYPERTENSIVE PATIENTS

  1. Regular follow up visits at the hospital
  2. Adherence to medications
  3. Compliance to medical instructions
  4. Do ECG at least once in a year
  5. Do kidney function test at least twice in a year

Measure your blood pressure

Control it

Live longer

Shammah Christian Hospital

Shammah Christian Hospital

In keeping with the hospital Christian ideology of giving back, Shammah Christian Hospital is committed to continually educating the public, using this blog as to medium to bring timely and educative publications, that enrich the lives and health of the public at large.

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